Cryogenic Freezing


Cryogenic Liquids and Freezing Equipment: Liquefied nitrogen and carbon dioxide are commonly used in a wide range of freezing and chilling applications.


Freezing with Cryogenic Liquids

Liquid nitrogen (or other cryogens or liquid carbon dioxide) freezing has many advantages over mechanical freezing and chilling processes:

  • Faster
  • Colder
  • More flexible
  • Takes up less space
  • Lower maintenance

Cryogenic freezing also helps minimize dehydration of the frozen items, while retaining item quality, texture, color, and, in the case of food items, flavor.

View our tabular comparison of cryogenic freezing vs mechanical freezing:


Lab and Medical Scale Freezing

Cryogens are often used for preservation of biological tissue samples, blood samples, and related lab applications. 

Medical offices will use liquid nitrogen in dermatological treatments and procedures.

Cryogens can be supplied in small or large dewars suitable to the rate of usage by the application. MATHESON representatives can help with recommendations regarding vessel size.

In addition to recommending cryogen storage vessel capacity, MATHESON can also support the selection of the freezer type.


Food Freezing

Food Freezing is the most common application for cryogenic freezing, with nitrogen and carbon dioxide being the two materials most often used. MATHESON provides liquid nitrogen and liquid carbon dioxide, as well as a comprehensive array of freezers, accessory products, and associated services.  

For a summary of our products and services for food freezing, please see our Food Freezing page.

Refer to the data sheet below for the differences between liquid nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

Small scale freezers for use with liquid nitrogen are described in the data sheets below. For larger scale freezers, see our Food Freezing page.


* Technically Speaking ...

While liquefied gases can be extremely cold, not all are, technically, cryogenic liquids. Depending on whose standard nomenclature is used, a cryogenic liquid is generally one with a normal boiling point colder than –150°C. The NIST defines a cryogenics as occurring at temperatures below –180°C.

Cryogenic liquids include nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, argon, helium, and neon. Using strict definitions, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide are excluded, but for practical applications considerations, on these pages, we group them all together.



Food and Beverage

MATHESON Supplies:

Liquid Nitrogen 

  • Dewars
  • Mini-bulk
  • Delivery to cryogenic vessels
  • Onsite production

Liquid Carbon Dioxide 

  • Dewars
  • Mini-bulk
  • Delivery to cryogenic vessels

Other Cryogens

Other cryogens, such as liquid oxygen, liquid argon, liquid nitrous oxide*, and liquid helium are also available, and may be desired for certain applications. Please inquire using the Contact Us link at the top of this page.

Complete Freezing Solutions

MATHESON supplies complete turnkey solutions that include freezers and the design and installation of cryogen supply and exhaust systems.

We can supply the equipment and the know-how for all types of chillers and freezers, including tunnels and immersion freezers. 

For additional information specifically dealing with food freezing, see our Food Freezing page.